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CHECK YOUR Temperaments – The Five Basic Temperaments

Sanguine (Extrovert)

The Sanguine is a very social person who likes to be with people. Of all the temperaments, the Sanguine is the easiest to be around socially. They are n outgoing, handshaking, touching person. They bring life and energy into a room by their very presence. Their cheerfulness and humor brighten everyone’s life. They are an optimistic type of person who believes life is an exciting and fun-filled experience that should be lived to the fullest. Inactivity causes them stress because the pace at which they like to live their lives is fast and furious. The Sanguine is the most impulsive of all the temperaments.

The Sanguine excels in communication-oriented things, but they do not relate well to tasks. They are the least disciplined and organized of all the temperaments. While they are outgoing, enthusiastic, warm, compassionate, and seem to relate well to other people’s feelings, yet they can be rude and uncaring. They tend not to be faithful nor loyal friends, since they do not want to be “burdened down” with commitments; they just want to have fun.  They live as though they have no past or future, the Sanguine rarely learns from their past mistakes. They are prone to exaggerate. They never recognize their failures, but exaggerate to make themselves appear to be more successful than they truly are. The Sanguine’s major weakness is that they adopt severe and destructive behavior.

This person will volunteer for difficult tasks and they can and will complete the project so long as their ego is being fed. However, at the first sign indicating that they are not “the greatest thing that ever happened to the world,” the quit! They just stop and walk away and inwardly turn into themselves – caring nothing about the project or those depending upon them.

Easily devastated if not constantly reassured they are loved and appreciated. Very demanding of other people for love and affection, plagued with feelings of jealousy when the love and attention they feel belongs exclusively to them is given to others.

SUMMARY
Friendly, outgoing, inspiring to others, relationship oriented, enthusiastic, warm, optimistic, ability to see the bright side of life and the good in other people. They genuinely like people, are rarely found alone, and freely interact with people.

Talkative, always the center of the conversation, apt to take on behavior and morals of the people around them, impulsive, undisciplined, rude, prone to exaggerate, need to appear successful (even to the point of exaggeration), will ignore responsibilities in order to be with people.

Lacking persistence and weak-willed, Solicitous, caring person who will do things for other people, almost to the point of servitude. A very charming, gracious person. Takes on responsibilities and makes decisions very well (to a point).

Able to express and receive large amounts of love and affection. They are warm and easy to get to know and emotionally open.

 

STRENGTHS
Emotions
Appealing personality
Talkative, storyteller
Life of the party
Good sense of humor
Memory for color
Physically holds on to listener
Emotional and demonstrative
Enthusiastic and expressive
Cheerful and bubbling over
Curious
Good on stage
Wide-eyed and innocent
Lives in the present
Changeable disposition
Sincere at heart
Always a childWork
Volunteers for jobs
Thinks up new activities
Looks great on the surface
Creative and colorful
Has energy and enthusiasm
Starts in a flashy way
Inspires others to join
Charms others to work

Friends
Makes friends easily
Loves people
Thrives on compliments
Seems exciting
Envied by others
Doesn’t hold grudges
Apologizes quickly
Prevents dull moments
Likes spontaneous activities

WEAKNESSES
Emotions
Compulsive talker
Exaggerates and elaborates
Dwells on trivia
Can’t remember names
Scares others off
Too happy for some
Has restless energy
Egotistical
Blusters and complains
Naive, gets taken in
Has loud voice and laugh
Controlled by circumstances
Gets angry easily
Seems phony to some
Never grows upWork
Would rather talk
Forgets obligations
Doesn’t follow through
Confidence fades fast
Undisciplined
Priorities out of order
Decides by feelings
Easily distracted
Wastes time talking

Friends
Hates to be alone
Needs to be center stage
Wants to be popular
Looks for credit
Dominates conversations
Interrupts and doesn’t listen
Answers for others
Fickle and forgetful
Makes excuses
Repeats stories

 

 

MELANCHOLY (Introvert)

 

MELANCHOLY (Introvert)
Melancholies need to learn to communicate their feelings; emotionally they are very protective and guarded. The way that a Melancholy demonstrates or says that they love someone is by being dependable and responsible not in physical or verbal terms necessarily. Because of their intellectual and analytical energies they can see the end results of a project before moving forward.

Melancholies have a very sensitive emotional nature; feelings dominate their being. Sometimes moods will lift them to extreme highs; at other times they will be gloomy and depressed. The secondary temperament will often help balance this out. My secondary temperament is Phlegmatic and it most definitely balances these tendencies in me, especially as I get older. Unsocial by nature, meeting new people is difficult and social activities are draining.

Melancholies when rising to their strengths, and once these strengths are brought under God, the Melancholy is capable of great and wonderful things. When Melancholies sink to their weaknesses they become destructive to themselves and those close to them.

There is great comfort and reward when we submit ourselves to God (regardless of what temperament we possess) and learn to live out our strengths in the temperament that He has given us. The Melancholy is very valuable in the body of Christ under His control. Read through the Melancholy’s strengths and carefully consider if the Melancholy would not be a blessing and asset to their family, to the Kingdom of God, the Church, and the community where they live. God help each of us to live in the strengths of our temperament, our in-born “nature”, God has given us.

The pure Melancholy for example is an introvert and a loner. Melancholies are more task oriented as opposed to relationship-oriented. Melancholies tend to be perfectionists and set unreasonable standards and goals for themselves and the people around them.

Melancholies are very loyal people: to their family and friends. If they make a promise the Melancholy will keep it. Melancholies are very creative people, but are prone to deep depression. They are very private people, as well as very serious.

They are self-motivated, and do not respond to the promise of reward nor the threat of punishment.
Often they are not satisfied with only one chance at something because they feel they could always do better. They tend to take a more realistic viewpoint. A Melancholy knows their limitations and they rarely take on more than they can do.

The Melancholy temperament is the most self-centered; their extreme sensitive nature causes them to be easily offended or insulted. They can be suspicious and jump to unfounded conclusions. They have the tendency to self-examine themselves to the degree that they become inactive, and unenergetic; over thinking everything can cause a variety of problems.

Melancholies may be calm and quiet on the surface but they are often angry and resentful. They tend to keep those feelings to themselves until they build up and eventually the anger explodes in a fit of rage.

SUMMARY
Introvert, loner, great thinker, genius-prone, very artistic and creative, often found alone in thought, perfectionistic, slow-paced, great understanding of tasks and systems, a critical and challenging mind, and seeing both the pitfalls and the end results of a project undertaken.

Extremely moody, suffer from “black” depressions, reject people, set standards neither they nor anyone else can meet, develop habits that are very hard to break, have suicidal tendencies, low self-esteem and are pessimistic.

Good at decisions and responsibilities in known areas, very good leadership abilities. They adhere to the rules and they need very little control over the lives and behavior of others.

Rigid, inflexible, sensitive to failure, fear of the unknown, fear of failure, apt to be a rebel and procrastinate.

Very faithful, loyal friend and self-sacrificing. Their feelings run deep and tender (even though they lack the ability to express these feelings). They easily empathize with others and have the ability to make very deep commitments.

They dissect the past with theoretical “what ifs,” i.e., “what if” he had given me flowers, I would feel loved; “what if” I were prettier, they would love me more. Also, they are critical of others, angry, cruel, vengeful, emotional, rarely tell people how they feel, have a low self-image and are sensitive to rejection from deep relationships. The loss of a deep relationship (even by death) is devastating to them. Melancholies “have sex” with their spouse; they do not “make love” to them.

STRENGTHS
Emotions
Deep and thoughtful
Analytical
Serious and purposeful
Genius prone
Talented and creative
Artistic and musical
Philosophical and poetic
Appreciative of beauty
Sensitive to others
Self-sacrificing
Conscientious
IdealisticWork
Schedule oriented
Perfectionist, high standards
Detail conscious
Persistent and thorough
Orderly and organized
Neat and tidy
Economical
Sees the problems
Finds creative solutions
Needs to finish what she starts
Likes, charts, graphs, figures, lists

Friends
Makes friends cautiously
Content to stay in background
Avoids causing attention
Faithful and devoted
Will listen to complaints
Can solve others’ problems
Deep concern for other people
Moved to tears with compassion
Seeks ideal mate

WEAKNESSES
Emotions
Remembers the negatives
Moody and depressed
Enjoys being hurt
Off in another world
Low self-image
Has selective hearing
Self-centered
Too introspective
Guilt feelings
Persecution complex
Tends to hypochondriaWork
Not people oriented
Depressed over imperfections
Chooses difficult work
Hesitant to start projects
Spends too much time planning
Prefers analysis to work
Self-deprecating
Hard to please
Standards often too high
Deep need for approval

Friends
Lives through others
Insecure socially
Withdrawn and remote
Critical of others
Holds back affection
Dislikes those in opposition
Suspicious of people
Antagonistic and vengeful
Unforgiving
Full of contradictions
Skeptical of compliments

I have more information on the melancholy temperament because I am one. Melancholy/Phlegmatic actually! Sorry if I tend to be slightly repetitive.

More on the Melancholy!

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I have enjoyed studying the four (now five) basic temperaments since I was a teen. Sanguine, Choleric, Melancholy, Phlegmatic and Supine.  It has helped immensely in my understanding and acceptance of myself and other people. I’m actually a Melancholy-Phlegmatic. A long definition of the Melancholy temperament follows: Most people won’t read it but many melancholies will – LOL

THE MELANCHOLIC TEMPERAMENT

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MELANCHOLIC TEMPERAMENT – The following I found on a website that was for training teachers. I changed it somewhat to make more sense for personal use.

The melancholy person is but feebly excited by whatever acts upon her. The reaction is weak, but this feeble impression remains for a long time and by subsequent similar impressions grows stronger and at last excites the mind so vehemently that it is difficult to eradicate it. (This is a fancy way of saying it takes a long time for things to sink in and when they do the Melancholy finally reacts.)

1. Inclined to reflect. The thinking of the melancholy easily turns into reflection. The thoughts of the melancholy are far-reaching. She dwells with pleasure upon the past and is preoccupied by occurrences of the long ago; she is penetrating; if not satisfied with the superficial, searches for the cause and correlation of things; seeks the laws which affect human life, the principles according to which man should act. Her thoughts are of a wide range; she looks ahead into the future; ascends to the eternal. When a thing ignites the passion within a Melancholy her soul is fixed on it yet she hardly permits her fierce excitement to be noticed outwardly. The undisciplined melancholy is easily given to brooding and to day-dreaming. (Unfortunately this is true – when something excites me oftentimes no one would ever know.)

2. Love of retirement. The melancholy does not feel at home among a crowd for any length of time; she loves silence and solitude. Being inclined to introspection she secludes herself from the crowds, forgets her environment, and makes poor use of her senses – eyes, ears, etc. In company she is often distracted, because she is absorbed by her own thoughts. (My husband is the one who is social between the two of us. I’m so glad or I might just be a hermit a little too much for my own good.)

3. Inclined to be passive. The melancholy is a passive temperament. The person possessing such a temperament, therefore, has not the vivacious, quick, progressive, active propensity, of the choleric or sanguine, but is slow, pensive, reflective. It is difficult to move her to quick action, since she has a marked inclination to passivity and inactivity. (Put me on the computer and set me in the corner and I will do what I am told and won’t bother you, or give me any kind of project you need done that I can do.)

4. She is reserved. She finds it difficult to form new acquaintances and speaks little among strangers. She reveals her inmost thoughts reluctantly and only to those whom she trusts. She does not easily find the right word to express and describe her sentiments. (But on paper [computer] I surely do!!!) She yearns often to express herself, because it affords her real relief, to confide the thoughts which burden her heart to a person who sympathizes with her. [Which is the root reason I am compelled to write about the Melancholy temperament – in effort to give other Melancholies someone to relate to.] (Perhaps why I love making websites about thinking, emotions, issues, beliefs, etc.) On the other hand, it requires great exertion on her part to manifest herself, and, when she does so, she goes about it so awkwardly that she does not feel satisfied and finds no rest. (Now I understand why I am never satisfied with what I write, forever perfecting it) Such experiences tend to make the melancholic more reserved. (When talking – yes. I hear what I am saying and conclude it did not convey what I really wanted to say.)

5. The melancholy is irresolute. On account of too many considerations and too much fear of difficulties and of the possibility that her plans or works may fail, the melancholy can hardly reach a decision being inclined to defer her decision. What she could do today she postpones for tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, or even for the next week. She is never finished. The melancholy is a person of missed opportunities. While she sees that others have crossed the creek long ago, she still deliberates whether she too should and can jump over it. Because the melancholy discovers many ways by her reflection and has difficulties in deciding which one to take, she easily gives way to others, and does not stubbornly insist on her own opinion. (I do find it easy to be flexible in many things, but I also have a stubborn will of iron at times which mostly comes from my secondary Phlegmatic temperament.)

6. The melancholy is despondent and without courage. She is pusillanimous (cowardly) and timid if she is called upon to begin a new work, to execute a disagreeable task, to venture on a new undertaking. She has a strong will (On no, both of my temperaments have a strong will – no wonder.) coupled with talent and power, but no courage. It has become proverbial therefore: “Throw the melancholy into the water and she will learn to swim.” If difficulties in her undertakings are encountered by the melancholy, even if they are only very insignificant, she feels discouraged and is tempted to give up the ship, instead of conquering the obstacle and repairing the ill success by increased effort. (Yes, I do admit – sometimes obstacles make me retreat.)

7. The melancholy is slow and awkward. She is slow in her thinking. She feels it necessary, first of all, to consider and reconsider everything until she can form a calm and safe judgment. (It has been my personal experience in a group of any size that by the time I form what I want to say the Sanguines (extroverts) have moved the conversation three topics up the road. If there are Sanguines present I am exhausted before long.)

8. She is slow in her speech. If she is called upon to answer quickly or to speak without preparation, or if she fears that too much depends on her answer, she becomes restless and does not find the right words and consequently often makes a false and unsatisfactory reply. This slow thinking may be the reason why the melancholy often stutters, leaves her sentences incomplete, uses wrong phrases, or searches for the right expression. She is also slow, not lazy, at her work or activities. She works carefully and reliably, but only if she has ample time and is not pressed. She herself naturally does not believe that she is a slow worker. (It is not the usual for me to answer aloud when in a group larger than a few. I notice often I have the right answer, but just don’t want to be wrong in front of people. This however, is changing and I have volunteered an answer many times in the last five or six years and when I am wrong I am fine. YAY!)

9. The pride of the melancholy has its very peculiar side. She does not seek honor or recognition; on the contrary, she is loathe to appear in public and to be praised. But she is very much afraid of disgrace and humiliation. She often displays great reserve and thereby gives the impression of modesty and humility; in reality she retires only because she is afraid of being put to shame. She allows others to be preferred to her, even if they are less qualified and capable than herself for the particular work, position, or office, but at the same time she feels slighted because she is being ignored and her talents are not appreciated. (Well, what’s a girl to do? Sounds like I want and don’t want recognition at the same time. I’d say that about sums it up.)

From what has been said so far, it is evident that it can be difficult to deal with melancholies. Because of their peculiarities they are frequently misjudged and treated wrongly. (Boo-hoo poor me! LOL) The melancholy feels keenly and therefore retires and secludes herself. Also, the melancholy has few friends, because few understand her and because she takes few into her confidence. (Every time I have ever had a close friend it ended badly. I could say this is all because of me – it might be but I don’t know for sure. On the other hand many people in my life can talk to me easily and I automatically sound like a counselor when I respond to them. It has been that way since I was a teen-ager. One on one is my area, but I can also talk in front of a group of any size when necessary at this time in my life now.)

10. The melancholy is often a great benefactor to others. She is a good counselor in difficulties, and a prudent, trustworthy, and well-meaning superior. She has great sympathy for others and a keen desire to help them. She is encouraged to action, she is willing to make great sacrifices for her neighbor and is strong and unshakable in the battle for ideals. Schubert, in his Psychology, says of the melancholy nature: “It has been the prevailing mental disposition of the most sublime poets, artists, of the most profound thinkers, the greatest inventors, legislators, and especially of those spiritual giants who at their time made known to their nations the entrance to a higher and blissful world of the Divine, to which they were carried by an insatiable longing.” (I have to imagine that if you are not a Melancholy this last sentence may sound like gibberish to you.)

11. She feels that she has nothing but sorrow and grief. Finally this disposition may culminate in actual despondency and despair. (My secondary temperament Phlegmatic balances this out at this time in my life thankfully, but I spent years in my earlier life battling despondency.)

12. The melancholy who gives way to sad moods, falls into many faults and becomes a real burden to others.
a) She easily loses confidence in her fellow-man because of slight defects which she discovers in them.
b) She is vehemently exasperated and provoked by disorder or injustice. The cause of her exasperation is often justifiable, but rarely to the degree felt.
c) She can hardly forgive offenses. The first offense she ignores quite easily. But renewed offenses penetrate deeply into the soul and can hardly be forgotten. Her spouse is the exception. Strong aversion easily takes root in her heart against persons from whom she has suffered, or in whom she finds this or that fault. This aversion becomes so strong that she can hardly see these persons without new excitement, that she does not want to speak to them and is exasperated by the very thought of them. Usually this aversion is abandoned only after the melancholy is separated from persons who incurred her displeasure and at times only after months or even years.

d) She is very suspicious. She rarely trusts people and is always afraid that others have a grudge against her. Thus she often and without cause entertains uncharitable and unjust suspicion about her neighbor, conjectures evil intentions, and fears dangers which do not exist at all.

e) She sees everything from the dark side. She is peevish, always draws attention to the serious side of affairs, complains regularly about the perversion of people, bad times, downfall of morals, etc. Her motto is: things grow worse all along. Offenses, mishaps, obstacles she always considers much worse than they really are. The consequence is often excessive sadness, unfounded vexation about others, brooding for weeks and weeks on account of real or imaginary insults. Melancholy persons who give way to this disposition to look at everything through dark glasses, gradually become pessimists, that is, persons who always expect a bad result.

f) She finds peculiar difficulties in correcting people. As said above she is vehemently excited at the slightest disorder or injustice and feels obliged to correct such disorders, but at the same time she has very little skill or courage in making corrections. She deliberates long on how to express the correction; but when she is about to make it, the words fail her, or she goes about it so carefully, so tenderly and reluctantly that it can hardly be called a correction. (This is so true, by the time I finally say something it is not even clear what I am saying and it would have been better to keep my mouth shut, which I am learning to do, thankfully.) (Much of the negative stuff above is definitely how I used to be, but over the years a lot has changed. Some aspects I catch myself easily falling back into when the setting supports it, but most of it I catch quite soon or have just stopped doing.)

13. If the melancholy tries to master her timidity, she easily falls into the opposite fault of shouting her correction excitedly, angrily, in unsuited or scolding words, so that again her reproach loses its effect. This difficulty is the besetting cross of melancholy superiors. They are unable to discuss things with others, therefore, they swallow their grief and permit many disorders to creep in, although their conscience recognizes their duty to interfere. Melancholy educators, too, often commit the fault of keeping silent too long about a fault of their charges and when at last they are forced to speak, they do it in such an unfortunate and harsh manner, that the pupils become discouraged and frightened by such admonitions, instead of being encouraged and directed.
A. She should always, especially during attacks of melancholy, say to herself: ”It is not so bad as I imagine. I see things too darkly,” or “I am being pessimistic.”

B. She must from the beginning resist every feeling of aversion, diffidence, discouragement, or despondency, so that these evil impressions can take no root in the soul.

C. She must keep herself continually occupied, so that she finds no time for brooding. Persevering work will master all.

D. She is bound to cultivate the good side of her temperament and especially her inclination to interior life. She must struggle continually against her weaknesses. (Understanding and accepting this helps the daily life of a Melancholy immensely.)

E. Upon close observation you will notice that melancholy persons are especially inclined to have their own way, to say everything that comes into their mind, to watch for the faults of others in order to hide their own and to find peace in that which is according to their own liking.  She frequently is much excited, full of disgust and bitterness, because she occupies herself too much with the faults of others, and again because she would like to have everything according to her own will and notion.

F. She can get into bad humor and discouragement on account of the most insignificant things. If she feels very downcast she should ask herself whether she concerned herself too much about the faults of others.

14. It is necessary to have a sympathetic understanding of the melancholy. In her entire manner of conduct she presents many riddles to those who do not understand the peculiarities of the melancholy temperament. It is necessary, therefore, to study it and at the same time to find out how this temperament manifests itself in each individual. Without this knowledge great mistakes cannot be avoided.

15. It is necessary to gain the confidence of the melancholy person. This is not at all easy and can be done only by giving her a good example in everything and by manifesting an unselfish and sincere love for her. Like an unfolding bud opens to the sun, so the heart of the melancholy person opens to the sunshine of kindness and love.

16. One must always encourage her. Rude reproach, harsh treatment, hardness of heart cast her down and paralyze her efforts. Friendly advice and patience with her slow actions give her courage and vigor. She will show herself very grateful for such kindness. [Note to self: show this to my husband! :)]

17. It is well to keep her always busy, but do not overburden her with work.

18. In the training of a melancholy child, special care must be taken to be always kind and friendly, to encourage and keep her busy. The child, moreover, must be taught always to pronounce words properly, to use her five senses, and to cultivate piety. Special care must be observed in the punishment of the melancholy child, otherwise obstinacy and excessive reserve may result. Necessary punishment must be given with precaution and great kindness and the slightest appearance of injustice must be carefully avoided.

Phlegmatic (Introvert)

To the observer, the Phlegmatic is extremely slow-paced and stubborn.

The Phlegmatic goes through life doing as little as possible, quietly, and expending little energy. It is not clear whether the Phlegmatic has very little energy, or it is because they refuse to use what little energy they do have.

They are task oriented with a great capacity for work that requires precision and accuracy and expends a minimal amount of energy. Only sleep can regenerate a Phlegmatic.

The world may never know all the brilliant thoughts, great books, spectacular works of art, or wonderful ministries that have been buried with the Phlegmatic. They seldom, if ever, use these ideas and talents because it would require expending to much energy and effort, to put these ideas into action.

STRENGTHS
Emotions
Low-key personality
Easygoing and relaxed
Calm, cool, and collected
Patient, well balanced
Consistent life
Quiet, but witty
Sympathetic and kind
Keeps emotions hidden
Happily reconciled to life
All-purpose personWork
Competent and steady
Peaceful and agreeable
Has administrative ability
Mediates problems
Avoids conflicts
Good under pressure
Finds the easy way

Friends
Easy to get along with
Pleasant and enjoyable
Inoffensive
Good listener
Dry sense of humor
Enjoys watching people
Has many friends
Has compassion and concern

WEAKNESSES
Emotions
Unenthusiastic
Fearful and worried
Indecisive
Avoids responsibility
Quiet will of iron
Selfish
Too shy and reticent
Too compromising
Self-righteousWork
Not goal oriented
Lacks self-motivation
Hard to get moving
Resents being pushed
Lazy and careless
Discourages others
Would rather watch

Friends
Dampens enthusiasm
Stays uninvolved
Is not exciting
Indifferent to plans
Judges others
Sarcastic and teasing
Resists change

The Phlegmatic sits back and watches other temperaments busy doing things wrongly and looking at all the things in the world that need to be changed. Identifying the injustice is not difficult for the Phlegmatic in Inclusion; however, they will seldom, if ever, initiate action against injustice. They will try to inspire others to do something, but are not likely to personally get involved themselves.

The Phlegmatic is the only temperament the Choleric is unable to control (which frustrates the Choleric tremendously). The Phlegmatic is the most stable temperament. The Phlegmatic is the most stubborn of all the temperaments when it comes to making changes. Because of their tendency to uninvolvement, they are natural negotiators and diplomats. “Peace at all costs” is their motto.

The Phlegmatic has no fear of rejection and can handle unaffectionate and hostile people. They are calm, easygoing people who are not plagued with the emotional outbursts, exaggerated feelings, anger, bitterness or unforgiveness as are other temperaments. They are observers who do not get involved nor expend much energy. Their cool, complacent attitude can hurt people that love them.  The way they observe can cause them to never to give of themselves and, therefore, never receive either.

SUMMARY
The ability to perform tedious tasks, relate to both tasks and people, calm easygoing, extremely efficient and perfectionistic. The Phlegmatic can function quite well in a hostile social setting. Nothing “ruffles their feathers.”

Unwillingness to become involved, tendency to be an observer rather than a participant, and use of a verbal defense that often hurts others.

The tendency to be very practical, conservative, peace-loving and a good peace maker / arbitrator.

Indecisiveness, the tendency to procrastinate, and being very difficult to motivate. They use verbal defenses that often hurt others; it is used against anyone who tries to motivate or control them, particularly Cholerics.

Well balanced, easygoing, non-demanding, calm and realistic in demands for love and affection.

Unwillingness to become involved in deep relationships, tendency to be an observer only, rarely self-sacrificing, unemotional and inexpressive. Verbal defenses are used to protect low energy supply with regard to physical and sexual involvement.

 

Choleric (Extrovert)

This temperament is identified as the most powerful (and destructive) of the temperaments. It is not unreasonable to state that the world’s greatest feared dictators and diabolical criminals were perhaps Choleric. However, when this person truly comes to know Jesus Christ as their personal Lord and Savior, and uses their strengths for the glory of God they make some of the greatest leaders in Christianity. The Apostle Paul was in my opinion a Choleric. Prior to his conversion on the Damascus Road Paul used his temperament strengths to advance the cause of Judaism, self interest and terrorizing Christians. After Paul’s salvation he soon became the Apostle to the Gentiles.

Paul’s example demonstrates that a person’s spiritual rebirth does not change their temperament. The individual is transformed in the sense of their temperament strengths being used for a different purpose as they feast on the Word of God and grow as a new creation in Christ. The Choleric remains a Choleric before and after their conversion / salvation experience.

Cholerics are extremely tough-willed. When they have made up their minds they rarely if ever change it, even if they are wrong. Cholerics will seldom listen to the advice of anyone else. They want to have total control over themselves and anyone around them. Cholerics are of the opinion and belief that they know what is best for those around them, and what is acceptable behavior according to them.

They have a severe problem with anger; “the angry temperament”. Cholerics have a tendency to seldom express other emotions such as love, tenderness, warmth and compassion. This is often offset with a secondary temperament.
When other people express these emotions they consider them as unnecessary and useless.

Cholerics believe that no one else can carry out a task as well as them. They have a tendency to overwork themselves, and are prone to burnout. When carrying out various tasks to accomplish goals they are capable of undertaking any behavior necessary to get it done.

Unlike the Melancholy, who is capable of seeing the pitfalls of a project before taking action, Cholerics refuse to see any pitfalls. The Choleric will forge ahead regardless of the cost, the end justifies the means.

The Choleric is extremely self-centered and the needs of others do not matter.
They are perfectionistic and even their own flaws are flawless. When they are wrong they will not accept it, theirs is the only way that is correct and matters. Yet, when the Choleric is brought under the authority of Jesus Christ, greatness can be accomplished for the Kingdom of God.

 

STRENGTHS
Emotions
Born Leader
Dynamic and active
Compulsive need for change
Must correct wrongs
Strong-willed and decisive
Unemotional
Not easily discouraged
Independent and self-sufficient
Exudes confidence
Can run anythingWork
Goal oriented
Sees the whole picture
Organizes well
Seeks practical solutions
Moves quickly to action
Delegates work
Insists on production
Makes the goal
Stimulates activity
Thrives on opposition

Friends
Has little need for friends
Will work for group activity
Will lead and organize
Is usually right
Excels in emergencies

WEAKNESSES
Emotions
Bossy
Impatient
Quick-tempered
Can’t relax
Too impetuous
Enjoys controversy and arguments
Won’t give up when losing
Comes on too strong
Inflexible
Is not complimentary
Dislikes tears and emotions
Is unsympatheticWork
Little tolerance for mistakes
Doesn’t analyze details
Bored by trivia
May make rash decisions
May be rude or tactless
Manipulates people
Demanding of others
End justifies the means
Work may become his god
Demand loyalty in the ranks

Friends
Tends to use people
Dominates others
Decides for others
Know-it-all
Thinks they can do everything better
Is too independent
Possessive of friends and mate
Can’t say, “I’m sorry”
May be right, but unpopular

SUMMARY
Being open, friendly, confident, outgoing, optimistic, tough-minded, task oriented, perfectionistic with a good mind for envisioning new projects, and an extrovert of a highly selective nature.

Hot-tempered, a people user, although everyone uses people to some degree, the Choleric in “carries the red flag”. They think of themselves as people motivators. They become easily frustrated in their attempts to “motivate” people. They harbor anger and can be cruel and abusive.

Being open, optimistic, outgoing, express a great deal of love and affection, and approach only select people for deep relationships.

Extremely self-centered (although they do not appear this way), indirect behavior, reject people, reject the love and affections of people (they will accept love and affection only according to their terms), are usually cruel to those who reject their manipulation for love and affection.

Tough-willed, a good leader, capable of making intuitive decisions, capable of taking on responsibilities, usually done in an efficient, well-disciplined military fashion. They possess the will power to carry through to completion.

Anger, cruelty, capable of undertaking any behavior to keep control. They associate with weak people and then resent their weaknesses. To them, the end justifies the means; so they are capable of very poor behavior. They are highly susceptible to burn out.

What a wonderful temperament the Choleric is, when they are submissive to the Lord Jesus Christ. As is with any temperament living in their strengths and not their weaknesses. All things are possible with God, and what a blessing the Choleric can be (living in their strengths and not their weaknesses) for the Kingdom of God. In Hebrews 11: 32-34 we see some good examples from the heroes in the faith.

 

SUPINE (Introvert/Extrovert)

If you are Supine you probably have many interests and cares, but little ability or need to express your needs. One Supine remarked that to be a Supine “felt like having tape over his mouth.” They often have a wish or desire, but are unable or unwilling to express it. The Supine often wish that others could “read their minds.” If others have ever observed that you are too sensitive or easily
offended, you may very well have a Supine temperament. Slow-paced and diligent, Supines are not indifferent or uncaring about life. Quite the opposite, they may have the strong feeling of the Sanguine but simply be unwilling to express themselves.

Supines have a view of the world that makes them consider others to be superior to themselves.They frequently employ themselves in positions that permit them to be servants to others. They will dutifully work to please others, who they see as better than themselves.

Perhaps the best way to describe the Supine is that it seems to be a combination of the Sanguine and the Melancholy. The Melancholy expresses little need for and, as a true introvert; they tend to shy away from social contact. A Supine does not express much need for much social contact either; however their need is VERY great! Like the Sanguine, they have a great need for social relationships. They look like they don’t want it but effectively hide their needs and expect you to read their mind. And if you fail to correctly read their mind, they will be “hurt.”

A great capacity for service, liking people, and the desire to
serve others. They possess an inborn gentle spirit. As youngsters, they are often tormented and abused by other children. They are typically slow to fight back. Instead they tend to internalize their anger and hurt, actually believing they deserve the treatment they receive.

Dependability, ability to enforce “the policies” set by others and to serve those they follow, their caretakers, with absolute loyalty. . A Supine will always be inclined to seek out others advice when trying to make a decision. Supines feel very inadequate and consider themselves incapable of making a good decision on their own. They may seek out the counsel of several, and become quite confused if they receive differing opinions.

Aggressive disorders, open dependence, defensive against loss of position, weak willpower, a tendency to feel powerless and at the mercy of others-they have such an intense need to serve others, they often become “natural born victims.” Other temperament types may view the Supine as a dominating individual. By all outward appearances they are. But the real truth is that they are manipulating others into taking care of them, and do not want the responsibility of actual decision making.

The ability to respond to love and to open up emotionally when they feel emotionally “safe.” If treated properly, they are capable of absolute and total
commitment to deep personal relationships. However, if a Supine actually feels safe in a close, personal relationship, they can respond and return expressions of caring. They can become intensely loyal, producing absolute, complete faithfulness. No temperament is more prone to this kind of intense loyalty.

The inability to initiate love and affection. They require constant reassurance that they are loved, needed and appreciated. Because of their inability or unwillingness to express their needs, most Supines fail to get their needs met. While they appear reserved and cool, the fact is they are truly in need of a lot of close, personal affection, love, and attention. Since they find it nearly impossible to actually express themselves, they simply cannot get their needs communicated.

This temperament needs surface relationships.

STRENGTHS
Emotion
Gentle spirit
Desire to serve others
Dependable
Intensely loyal
Can feel God’s love, joy, and peace
Great capacity to respond to loveWork
Slow-paced and diligent
Great capacity for service
Dutifully pleases others
Decision making abilities
Ability to enforce “the policies” set by others

Friends
Needs social relationships
Likes people
Slow to fight back
Seeks counsel in decision making
Can undertake numerous tasks especially if these tasks are performed for the development of relationships

WEAKNESSES
Emotion
Unable to express themselves
Feels inadequate
Victim
Hurt easily
Fear of rejection
Harbors anger as hurt feelings
Internalizes anger
Too sensitiveWork
Needs constant reassurance
Avoids making decisions
Makes decisions cautiously
Feels powerless
Feels at the mercy of others

Friends
Wishes and desires unexpressed
Feels others are superior to them
Expect others to read their minds
Fail to communicate their needs

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